|Kirk Douglas on the set of "Cactus Jack" (1979).|
Kirk Douglas (born Issur Danielovitch, December 9, 1916) is a legendary American film and stage actor, film producer and author. His son, Michael Douglas, also is one of the top stars in Hollywood.
Kirk is the son of Russian Jewish immigrants from Chavusy, Mogilev Region, in the Russian Empire (now Belarus). He was born in Amsterdam, New York to a poor family which included six sisters. He grew up speaking Yiddish. His family changed its last name to Demsky when he was a child, and he again changed it legally to Kirk Douglas (his stage name) shortly before entering the Navy during World War II.
After attending St. Lawrence University, Kirk received a scholarship to the American Academy of Dramatic Arts. There, he met Lauren Bacall. Before he could do much acting, though, he enlisted in the US Navy right after Pearl Harbor. He served honorably and was discharged in 1944 on account of war injuries.
|Kirk Douglas with Walt Disney during the filming of "20,000 Leagues Under the Sea."|
After his discharge, Douglas returned to New York City and resumed his acting career. His breakthrough occurred when Bacall recommended him to Hal B. Wallis for a film role in 1946. The film, 'The Strange Loves of Martha Ivers,' established Douglas as a force in Hollywood.
Kirk spent most of the 1950s playing tough guys. He quickly learned the Hollywood game and formed his own production company, Bryna Productions. His string of high profile roles, which began with 'Champion' in 1949, turned Douglas into one of the top stars of the 1950s.
|Kirk Douglas in "Ace in the Hole."|
Top Douglas roles include:
- The Bad and the Beautiful' (1952)
- Lust for Life (1956)
- Paths of Glory (1957)
- Spartacus (1960)
- Lonely are the Brave (1962)
- The War Wagon (1967)
|Kirk accepting his honorary Oscar.|
Douglas wrote a very well-regarded autobiography, "The Ragman's Son," in 1988. It was one of the best celebrity autobiographies of all time and provided real insight into his rise from poverty to international superstardom. He received an Honorary Academy Award in 1996 for '50 years as a moral and creative force.' He was married to former classmate Diana Dill in the 1940s and, since 29 May 1954, to Anne Buydens.
Kirk has lived a long life. As of this writing, he is 100 years old and showing no signs of slowing up anytime soon. He celebrated his 99th birthday on 9 December 2015 by making a gift rather than receiving one. With his initial donation of $15 million the Motion Picture & Television Fund in Woodland Hills announced plans to build a two-story $35 million Alzheimer’s facility which will be named the Kirk Douglas Care Pavilion. It will be able to take care of upwards of 80 industry members with that disease. The new unit is expected to break ground in late 2016. It will be built above an earlier unit, Harry's Haven, previously built by Douglas and named after his father.
|Kirk with son and daughter-in-law on his 99th birthday in 2015.|